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The NonVerbal Dictionary of Gestures, Signs & Body Language Cues

Immediacy


Emotion cue1. The degree to which a nonverbal message conveys liking or disliking. 2. Nonverbally, an expression of emotional attachment(or a feeling of closeness) to another person. 3. Signs that show heightened sensory stimulationattentiveness, and liking (Mehrabian 1981).
Usage: Immediacy (which most often refers to friendly rather than unfriendly cues) shows in a. angular distanceb. body alignmentc. body-lean, d. cut-offe. eye contactf. hand-reach signs, g. isopraxismh. love signalsi. muscle tension, j. musk, k. object fancyl. palm-upsigns, m. perfume cues, n. personal distanceo. pupil size, p. rapportq. tone of voicer. touch cues, and s. zygomatic smiles.
RESEARCH REPORTS1. Immediacy is the "directness and intensity of interaction between two entities" (Mehrabian 1967:325). 2. Immediacy promotes psychological closeness (Anderson 1979). 3. "In short, immediacy behaviors express approach or avoidance and, in the process, affect the level of sensory involvement of the participants" (Burgoon et al. 1989:100). 4. "Immediacy is the degree of perceived physical or psychological closeness between people" (Richmond et al. 1991:205).
See also EMOTIONFIGHT-OR-FLIGHT.